Four network-wide Short Courses are a key element of the SUBITOP training programme. These mandatory courses aim to expose all ESRs to a broad range of observation and modelling approaches, which can be used to explore the links between shallow and deep processes in subduction systems. Through these courses, the ESRs will develop a common basis from which they can work to understand all research projects in the Network, they will gain shared knowledge of the geological and geomorphological surface expressions of subduction and obtain first-hand experience of the numerical and physical modelling techniques which can be used to explore the evolution of subduction systems. The short-courses will involve field and laboratory activities, forging a coherent group of young researchers, and they will offer ample opportunity to address the logistic and safety aspects of the practical work, which is so important in the Earth Sciences. All but the first Short Course will be open to members of other ITNs, which will help SUBITOP ESRs to broaden their scientific perspectives and professional networks.
A key element of all Short Courses is the link to and from other ITNs. SUBITOP has engaged with the following networks to share Short Course events:
The Aegean results from back-arc extension driven by slab rollback in the Hellenic subduction system. From 45 to 15 Ma, extension was localised, accommodating the exhumation of high pressure metamorphic rocks and high temperature core complexes. Since 15 Ma, extension became distributed, forming sedimentary basins across the Aegean. This training trip will take place in Greece, in Autumn 2016, and examine the three main types of structures that resulted from Aegean ductile and brittle extension. Field observations will be used to discuss the mechanisms that accommodated, at crust and lithosphere scales, the progressive development of the Aegean back-arc domain and its relation with the Hellenic subduction rollback. The trip will have three components.
Training: Use of geomorphic features, sedimentary records and geophysical data to constrain the topographic evolution of an area dominated by active and seismogenic normal faults. The course is reserved for SUBITOP participants to foster optimal dynamics within the Network.
This 7 day course, planned to be in Edinburgh, UK, in Spring 2017, aims to give students the training needed to understand: a) the principles behind numerical modelling of geophysical systems, b) the core computational skills needed to be productive in a small research team and c) a range of modelling techniques as applied to the mantle, lithosphere and surface topography.
The programme consist of:
This 5 day short course, taking place in Utrecht, NL, later this year, will introduce the students to the basics of analogue modelling of tectonic processes. Introductory lectures will provide a theoretical background on rheology and scaling, followed by hands on exercises during which the students will learn how to address scientific questions through building physical analogue models. In particular, the following topics will be addressed:
The course will be open to only 5 external participants due constraints on laboratory space.
This one-week course in summer 2018, in Malaga, Spain, will focus on the Betics, offering participants a solid, quantitative background in lithosphere deformation, underpinned by the field geology of upper plate deformation recorded in the Alboran domain. A two-day theoretical and practical introduction to “Lithosphere strength and mechanics of tectonic systems”, will focus on:
Participants will use 2D numerical models to capture the role of brittle-ductile coupling and its consequences for lithosphere deformation. The last four days will be dedicated to field training on “Lithosphere deformation related to slab deformation at depth”. Modern techniques of field geology will be deployed to decipher deformation due to back-arc extension (lithosphere thinning, subcontinental mantle exhumation) and slab tearing, and to illustrate theories of lithosphere rheology. Aims are to carry out geological and structural mapping at various scales down to sub-meter scales and to combine the use of geological and geophysical data in tectonic analysis. In particular we will discuss the tectonic significance of tomographic images, receiver function and gravimetric data from the Betics. Industry partner Fugro Geoid will demonstrate GPS data acquisition. The course will be open to 15 external participants.